Updates to Terms of business and Privacy Policy ×

WHO WE ARE

We are an independent shipbroker with an approach focused on expertise rather than scale.

Affinity Policy Comment 17 january 2022

Spiralling upwards

The environment for US interest rates keeps turning more hawkish as the weeks go by. On Wednesday, the December CPI displayed a 7 per cent increase y-o-y, marking new multi-year highs. With energy prices more stable in December, core items turned out to be the main driver of the print. Higher levels and core drivers point to persistent inflationary dynamics.

On the Federal Reserve side, commentary is turning more hawkish too. In last week’s testimony in front of the Senate, the Fed chairman reiterated availability to hike this year if inflation warrants it, and pointed to balance sheet runoff once tapering has been completed.

Since then, a flurry of officials has publicly commented on the number of hikes, with several members pointing to the possibility of four hikes, with a cycle starting as early as March.

Inflation data remain as strong as they have been since summer, but the Fed has finally adapted to the new reality. Front-end rates are pricing hikes correctly, but real yields remain in firmly negative territory and the US curve remains very flat, suggesting the market is pricing some “back to normal” once 2022 hikes are gone. As such, there could be more room for adjustment in rates with consequently more volatility in global markets.

Elsewhere, China's economy rebounded in 2021 with its best growth in a decade –8.1 per cent – helped mostly by robust exports.

Still, there are signs that momentum is slowing on weakening consumption and a property downturn, pointing to the need for more policy support.

Growth in Q4 2021 hit a one-and-a-half-year low, government data showed on Monday, shortly after the central bank moved to prop up the economy with a cut to a key lending rate for the first time since early 2020.

Several Chinese cities are going on high alert ahead of the Lunar New Year holiday travel season, as the Omicron variant reached more areas, including the capital Beijing, which means that the downward pressure on China's economy is still relatively big, and growth of residents' employment and income is restricted.

A bright spot was industrial output, up an annual 4.3 per cent in December, picking up from a 3.8 per cent increase in November. In fact, China's refinery output hit a new record in 2021, as did aluminium and coal production.

Booming shipments to coronavirus-hit economies overseas were a key boost to China's growth last year, with net exports accounting for more than a quarter of GDP growth in Q4 2021 and the country logging its biggest trade surplus in 2021 since records started in 1950.

And, as the global economy continues to improve, it can be expected that there should be more demand for goods, meaning more international trade for China in 2022.

Continued semiconductor shortages will be a challenge for manufacturers and exporters of many goods, from home appliances to vehicles, from smartphones to small electronic gadgets. This cannot be expected to be solved in the very short term and, as such, prices of these goods will either have to go up or the quality or functionality may have to come down.

Meanwhile, environmental pressures might arise. Coal imports into China were strong in 2021, and this could extend into 2022 before China beefs up its solar and wind power to replace coal, as its policies allow peak carbon emissions in 2030 before reducing them to reach carbon zero by 2060.

On the geopolitical front, several commodity markets are expected to be impacted by the outcome of Russia and NATO security talks in light of the Ukraine crisis. Last week’s session was mostly inconclusive, as the objectives of the two sides are still far and, on Thursday, public statements among the two sides turned harsher.

The Russian foreign minister suggested talks may be on hold and its US counterpart responded clarifying that Russia’s demands can’t be matched. More explicit distance among the two sides increases risks of an escalation and a US response via economic sanctions. On the positive side, Russia still has to see the draft of the NATO security proposal, due next week, after which talks may resume.

Still, any interruptions to Russia's gas supply to Europe would exacerbate an energy crisis caused by a shortage of the fuel, especially given the tight availability of US spare capacity to substitute the relatively large volumes from Russia.


Affinity Research LLP

what we do

  • Carbon

    Carbon

    Using tailored analytics platforms, we offer client-specific advisory and trading services across the global carbon markets. Contributing to hedging strategies, sustainability reporting and financing requirements, our aim is to assist clients in managing their financial exposure to the approaching energy transition.

    Contact: Hugo Wilson
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0121

    Dry Cargo

    Dry Cargo

    Our dry bulk chartering teams in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Santiago, Lima, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Singapore and London are cargo-focussed and they fix voyage, COA and time charter business on behalf of their clients with a wide range of ship owners.
    For Atlantic business please contact Hans Bredrup
    For Pacific business please contact David Oakley

    Contact: Hans Bredrup
    [email protected]
    Contact: David Oakley
    [email protected]

    LNG

    LNG

    Our young and dynamic LNG team possess wide-ranging experience of spot and term charters working with all major LNG shipowners and charterers. The LNG team has close interaction with the Newbuilding and Sale & Purchase divisions with an unrivalled track record of contracting LNG newbuildings and in the sale and purchase of LNG assets.
    We maintain up-to-date knowledge and an understanding of new technologies within the LNG sector to ensure that our clients can make the most suitable and cost-effective decisions on shipping solutions.

    Contact: Joni Mackay
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0133

    Newbuilding

    Newbuilding

    Our Newbuilding team has concluded over 500 newbuildings of all types, including LNGCs, FSRUs, drillships, crude tankers, product tankers and dry cargo vessels. We have contracted in all major newbuilding centres globally, with particular focus on the Korean Shipyards.

    Contact: Nick Wood
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0111

    Offshore

    Offshore

    Affinity Offshore is based out of our Oslo and Houston offices. The Team focuses on world-wide sale & purchase of offshore support vessels, as well as chartering – particularly in the Americas and Mediterranean/MENA regions.

    Contact: Tor-Øyvind Bjørkli
    [email protected]
    +47 2109 8210

    Research

    Research

    Our research department combines real time market information with econometric modelling and the latest technology. 

    Contact: Sevita Kondyliou
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0182

    S & P

    S & P

    Our Sale & Purchase team has extensive experience of working with private clients, national shipping companies, major corporates, oil companies, grain houses and institutional investors. We provide a cradle to grave services across all shipping sectors. We operate from London, Singapore and Seoul to give 24-hour coverage of the markets, working for both newbuilding and second-hand buyers.

    Contact: Tom Morrison
    [email protected]
    +44(0) 20 3142 0128

    Tankers

    Tankers

    Our established tanker chartering teams serve the industry from London, Houston and Santiago delivering a highly proficient spot chartering service with a prime position in the fuel oil market. The team has close relationships with oil majors, national oil companies, oil traders and major ship owners and operators. 
    Our ethos for operations and post-fixture is simple: these roles are as important to us as the chartering/commercial function, and we continue to apply those same principles of professional ship broking throughout the life of each fixture.

    Contact: Tim Gurdon
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0142

    Valuations

    Valuations

    We provide transparent, objective ship valuation service to major owners, banks and other financial institutions at short notice and a daily basis. We provide a retainer service for regular fleet valuations.

    Contact: Ben Pusey
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0125

    Carbon

    Using tailored analytics platforms, we offer client-specific advisory and trading services across the global carbon markets. Contributing to hedging strategies, sustainability reporting and financing requirements, our aim is to assist clients in managing their financial exposure to the approaching energy transition.

    Contact: Hugo Wilson
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0121

    Dry Cargo

    Our dry bulk chartering teams in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Santiago, Lima, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Singapore and London are cargo-focussed and they fix voyage, COA and time charter business on behalf of their clients with a wide range of ship owners.
    For Atlantic business please contact Hans Bredrup
    For Pacific business please contact David Oakley

    Contact: Hans Bredrup
    [email protected]
    +56 99 887 3036
    Contact: David Oakley
    [email protected]
    +61 2 9937 8806

    LNG

    Our young and dynamic LNG team possess wide-ranging experience of spot and term charters working with all major LNG shipowners and charterers. The LNG team has close interaction with the Newbuilding and Sale & Purchase divisions with an unrivalled track record of contracting LNG newbuildings and in the sale and purchase of LNG assets.
    We maintain up-to-date knowledge and an understanding of new technologies within the LNG sector to ensure that our clients can make the most suitable and cost-effective decisions on shipping solutions.

    Contact: Joni Mackay
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0133

    Newbuilding

    Our Newbuilding team has concluded over 500 newbuildings of all types, including LNGCs, FSRUs, drillships, crude tankers, product tankers and dry cargo vessels. We have contracted in all major newbuilding centres globally, with particular focus on the Korean Shipyards.

    Contact: Nick Wood
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0111

    Offshore

    Affinity Offshore is based out of our Oslo and Houston offices. The Team focuses on world-wide sale & purchase of offshore support vessels, as well as chartering – particularly in the Americas and Mediterranean/MENA regions.

    Contact: Tor-Øyvind Bjørkli
    [email protected]
    +47 2109 8210

    Research

    Our research department combines real time market information with econometric modelling and the latest technology. 

    Contact: Sevita Kondyliou
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0182

    S & P

    Our Sale & Purchase team has extensive experience of working with private clients, national shipping companies, major corporates, oil companies, grain houses and institutional investors. We provide a cradle to grave services across all shipping sectors. We operate from London, Singapore and Seoul to give 24-hour coverage of the markets, working for both newbuilding and second-hand buyers.

    Contact: Tom Morrison
    [email protected]
    +44(0) 20 3142 0128

    Tankers

    Our established tanker chartering teams serve the industry from London, Houston and Santiago delivering a highly proficient spot chartering service with a prime position in the fuel oil market. The team has close relationships with oil majors, national oil companies, oil traders and major ship owners and operators. 
    Our ethos for operations and post-fixture is simple: these roles are as important to us as the chartering/commercial function, and we continue to apply those same principles of professional ship broking throughout the life of each fixture.

    Contact: Tim Gurdon
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0142

    Valuations

    We provide transparent, objective ship valuation service to major owners, banks and other financial institutions at short notice and a daily basis. We provide a retainer service for regular fleet valuations.

    Contact: Ben Pusey
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0125

Click here for our terms of business

Our locations


  • Floor 44
    The Leadenhall Building
    122 Leadenhall Street
    London EC3A 8EE

    T +44 (0)203 142 0100

    View full office info

    LONDON

    Carbon Dry Cargo Finance LNG Newbuilding Research S & P Tankers Valuations


    Floor 44
    The Leadenhall Building
    122 Leadenhall Street
    London EC3A 8EE

    T +44 (0)203 142 0100

    View full office info


  • 72 Anson Road
    #13–03 Anson House
    Singapore
    079911

    T +65 6805 8760

    View full office info

    SINGAPORE

    Dry Cargo LNG S & P Tankers


    72 Anson Road
    #13–03 Anson House
    Singapore
    079911

    T +65 6805 8760

    View full office info


  • Suite 5, Level 1
    200 Toorak Road
    South Yarra
    VIC 3141
    Australia

    T +61 398 671 466

    View full office info

    MELBOURNE

    Dry Cargo


    Suite 5, Level 1
    200 Toorak Road
    South Yarra
    VIC 3141
    Australia

    T +61 398 671 466

    View full office info


  • 8/38 Colin Street
    West Perth
    WA 6005
    Australia

    T +61 892 260 618

    View full office info

    PERTH

    Dry Cargo


    8/38 Colin Street
    West Perth
    WA 6005
    Australia

    T +61 892 260 618

    View full office info


  • 1st Floor
    64 Alexander Street
    Crows Nest, NSW 2065
    Australia

    T +61 299 378 800

    View full office info

    SYDNEY

    Dry Cargo


    1st Floor
    64 Alexander Street
    Crows Nest, NSW 2065
    Australia

    T +61 299 378 800

    View full office info


  • #703, Shin-A Building
    50 Seosomun-ro 11gil
    Jung-gu, Seoul
    South Korea
    100-752

    View full office info

    SEOUL

    LNG Newbuilding S & P


    #703, Shin-A Building
    50 Seosomun-ro 11gil
    Jung-gu, Seoul
    South Korea
    100-752

    View full office info


  • 6/F Kimberley Plaza
    45-47 Kimberley Road
    Tsim Sha Tsui. Kowloon
    Hong Kong

    T +852 2154 2237

    View full office info

    HONG KONG

    Tankers


    6/F Kimberley Plaza
    45-47 Kimberley Road
    Tsim Sha Tsui. Kowloon
    Hong Kong

    T +852 2154 2237

    View full office info


  • 1301 McKinney Street
    Suite 2975
    Houston, Texas
    77010, USA

    T +1 832 925 7500

    View full office info

    HOUSTON

    Tankers


    1301 McKinney Street
    Suite 2975
    Houston, Texas
    77010, USA

    T +1 832 925 7500

    View full office info


  • Marco Polo Parkside Building 1204,
    Anli Road No. 80,
    Chaoyang District,
    Beijing, China, 100101

    View full office info

    BEIJING

    LNG Tankers


    Marco Polo Parkside Building 1204,
    Anli Road No. 80,
    Chaoyang District,
    Beijing, China, 100101

    View full office info


  • Jirón Cruz del Sur 140, of. 1712,
    Santiago de Surco, Lima,
    Perú

    View full office info

    LIMA

    Containers Dry Cargo


    Jirón Cruz del Sur 140, of. 1712,
    Santiago de Surco, Lima,
    Perú

    View full office info


  • Room 04, 10/F, 500
    Yan'an West Road,
    Shanghai,
    People's Republic of China


    View full office info

    SHANGHAI

    Dry Cargo


    Room 04, 10/F, 500
    Yan'an West Road,
    Shanghai,
    People's Republic of China


    View full office info


  • Augusto Leguia Norte 100
    Office 710
    Las Condes
    7550155 Santiago
    Chile

    T +56 22 352 7100

    View full office info

    SANTIAGO

    Dry Cargo


    Augusto Leguia Norte 100
    Office 710
    Las Condes
    7550155 Santiago
    Chile

    T +56 22 352 7100

    View full office info


  • Misiones St. 1372,
    1st Floor "De Los Patricios" Building,
    11000 Montevideo, Uruguay

    View full office info

    MONTEVIDEO

    Dry Cargo


    Misiones St. 1372,
    1st Floor "De Los Patricios" Building,
    11000 Montevideo, Uruguay

    View full office info


  • Viamonte 174, 4 to B,
    C1053ABD Buenos Aires,
    Argentina

    View full office info

    BUENOS AIRES

    Dry Cargo


    Viamonte 174, 4 to B,
    C1053ABD Buenos Aires,
    Argentina

    View full office info


  • Rua Barão de Cotegipe, 443, room 1310
    Porto de Gale Business Center
    Rio Grande
    Brazil


    View full office info

    RIO GRANDE

    Dry Cargo


    Rua Barão de Cotegipe, 443, room 1310
    Porto de Gale Business Center
    Rio Grande
    Brazil


    View full office info


  • Fascinatio Boulevard 742
    2909 VA Capelle aan den IJssel
    The Netherlands


    View full office info

    ROTTERDAM

    Dry Cargo


    Fascinatio Boulevard 742
    2909 VA Capelle aan den IJssel
    The Netherlands


    View full office info


  • Inkognitogaten 35,
    0256 Oslo
    Norway

    View full office info

    OSLO

    Offshore


    Inkognitogaten 35,
    0256 Oslo
    Norway

    View full office info