Updates to Terms of business and Privacy Policy ×

WHO WE ARE

We are an independent shipbroker with an approach focused on expertise rather than scale.

Affinity Policy Comment 21 november 2022

Weaekning dollar the faintest of lights among the gloom

Indications that the worst of inflation in the US is over are translating to a fall in the US dollar, with markets beginning to believe that the Federal Reserve will soon slow its interest rate hikes. In October, inflation came in at 7.7 per cent, the fourth consecutive month of declines from June’s 9.1 per cent peak, and its lowest level since January.

Moreover, at the Fed’s last meeting earlier this month, chair Jay Powell did not go so far as to explicitly signal that there would be a fifth straight 0.75 percentage point rise, and this has been interpreted as a sign that the Fed is open to a smaller reduction of 0.5 points in the future, potentially as soon as next month.

As a result, the US dollar has eased over the past couple of weeks, after months of strong gains on the back of the Fed’s sharp monetary tightening. Year-to-date, it has strengthened by 11 per cent but, as of the end of last week, the US dollar had fallen by over 4 per cent compared to a basket of six peers, which leaves it on course for its largest monthly decline since September 2010.

The Fed must also to take into account a slowing economy. Data from the housing and manufacturing sectors, among others show that the US economy is beginning to stutter, which is a deterrent for more monetary tightening from the Fed.

But that is not to say that the US dollar cannot return it its 20-year high. Any slight increase in inflation could spark a turnaround in sentiment; in the UK, the surprise increase in October to a new record-high of 10.7 per cent generated significant unease.

To that effect, St Louis Fed president James Bullard said that he believes interest rates would have to be lifted to at least 5 per cent to tame inflation. Following the hike in November, the benchmark rate is between 3.75 and 4 per cent.

The prospect of a weaker US dollar should theoretically bode well for global trade. Oil prices are already under heavy pressure from China locking down yet more of its country, and a weaker US dollar has made oil even “cheaper”. The same goes for other major commodities, but the potential upside benefits for shipping would be capped by the economic headwinds, which are continuing to pick up speed.

In the UK, the Chancellor of the Exchequer revealed that the economy is already in recession, and that living standards are set to suffer their largest fall on record. In the next few years, household incomes will fall by 7 per cent and over half a million people will be rendered unemployed. By 2028, they will have recovering for a few years, but will still be over 1 per cent below compared to pre-pandemic levels.

The current recession is expected to last for over a year; the economy is expected to shrink by 1.4 per cent next year before the recovery begins.

In the EU, the European Commission is anticipating that most countries will enter a recession during the current quarter, with inflation expected to remain elevated through 2023. In the EU, inflation is expected to average 7 per cent next year and, in the eurozone, it is forecasted at 6.1 per cent.

Unlike the UK, however, the EU economy is expected to still register growth next year. The EC is forecasting growth of 0.3 per cent.

In China, the picture is little better. After a slight easing of Covid restrictions in the capital Beijing last week resulted in a glimmer of optimism, harsher lockdowns were triggered over the weekend in Guangzhou and Shijiazhuang, among others, in response to the country’s first deaths from Covid in more than five months. The aforementioned cities had received relatively light treatment in the past, so the change in posturing has triggered concerns that Beijing’s response to the virus will become harsher in the short-term.

Taking all this into account, it should come as little surprise that the IMF is warning of an even gloomier outlook for the global economy. Last week, it pointed to the steadily weakening purchasing manager surveys in recent months as evidence of the worsening slowdown, and may revise its growth forecast for this year further. Last month, the IMF reduced its forecast from 2.9 per cent to 2.7 per cent.

"The challenges that the global economy is facing are immense and weakening economic indicators point to further challenges ahead," the IMF said, in addition to the current policy environment, which it labelled “unusually uncertain”. Make no mistake, there are dark days ahead.

Affinity Research LLP

what we do

  • Carbon

    Carbon

    Using tailored analytics platforms, we offer client-specific advisory and trading services across the global carbon markets. Contributing to hedging strategies, sustainability reporting and financing requirements, our aim is to assist clients in managing their financial exposure to the approaching energy transition.

    Contact: Hugo Wilson
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0121

    Dry Cargo

    Dry Cargo

    Our dry bulk chartering teams in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Santiago, Lima, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Singapore and London are cargo-focussed and they fix voyage, COA and time charter business on behalf of their clients with a wide range of ship owners.
    For Atlantic business please contact Hans Bredrup
    For Pacific business please contact Rahul Khanna

    Contact: Hans Bredrup
    [email protected]
    Contact: Rahul Khanna
    [email protected]

    LNG

    LNG

    Our young and dynamic LNG team possess wide-ranging experience of spot and term charters working with all major LNG shipowners and charterers. The LNG team has close interaction with the Newbuilding and Sale & Purchase divisions with an unrivalled track record of contracting LNG newbuildings and in the sale and purchase of LNG assets.
    We maintain up-to-date knowledge and an understanding of new technologies within the LNG sector to ensure that our clients can make the most suitable and cost-effective decisions on shipping solutions.

    Contact: Joni Mackay
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0133

    Newbuilding

    Newbuilding

    Our Newbuilding team has concluded over 500 newbuildings of all types, including LNGCs, FSRUs, drillships, crude tankers, product tankers and dry cargo vessels. We have contracted in all major newbuilding centres globally, with particular focus on the Korean Shipyards.

    Contact: Nick Wood
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0111

    Offshore

    Offshore

    Affinity Offshore is based out of our Oslo and Houston offices. The Team focuses on world-wide sale & purchase of offshore support vessels, as well as chartering – particularly in the Americas and Mediterranean/MENA regions.

    Contact: Tor-Øyvind Bjørkli
    [email protected]

    Research

    Research

    Our research department combines real time market information with econometric modelling and the latest technology. 

    Contact: Sevita Kondyliou
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0182

    S & P

    S & P

    Our Sale & Purchase team has extensive experience of working with private clients, national shipping companies, major corporates, oil companies, grain houses and institutional investors. We provide a cradle to grave services across all shipping sectors. We operate from London, Singapore and Seoul to give 24-hour coverage of the markets, working for both newbuilding and second-hand buyers.

    Contact: Tom Morrison
    [email protected]
    +44(0) 20 3142 0128

    Tankers

    Tankers

    Our established tanker chartering teams serve the industry from London, Houston and Santiago delivering a highly proficient spot chartering service with a prime position in the fuel oil market. The team has close relationships with oil majors, national oil companies, oil traders and major ship owners and operators. 
    Our ethos for operations and post-fixture is simple: these roles are as important to us as the chartering/commercial function, and we continue to apply those same principles of professional ship broking throughout the life of each fixture.

    Contact: Tim Gurdon
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0142

    Valuations

    Valuations

    We provide transparent, objective ship valuation service to major owners, banks and other financial institutions at short notice and a daily basis. We provide a retainer service for regular fleet valuations.

    Contact: Ben Pusey
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0125

    Carbon

    Using tailored analytics platforms, we offer client-specific advisory and trading services across the global carbon markets. Contributing to hedging strategies, sustainability reporting and financing requirements, our aim is to assist clients in managing their financial exposure to the approaching energy transition.

    Contact: Hugo Wilson
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0121

    Dry Cargo

    Our dry bulk chartering teams in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Santiago, Lima, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Singapore and London are cargo-focussed and they fix voyage, COA and time charter business on behalf of their clients with a wide range of ship owners.
    For Atlantic business please contact Hans Bredrup
    For Pacific business please contact Rahul Khanna

    Contact: Hans Bredrup
    [email protected]
    +56 99 887 3036
    Contact: Rahul Khanna
    [email protected]
    +61 418 448 677

    LNG

    Our young and dynamic LNG team possess wide-ranging experience of spot and term charters working with all major LNG shipowners and charterers. The LNG team has close interaction with the Newbuilding and Sale & Purchase divisions with an unrivalled track record of contracting LNG newbuildings and in the sale and purchase of LNG assets.
    We maintain up-to-date knowledge and an understanding of new technologies within the LNG sector to ensure that our clients can make the most suitable and cost-effective decisions on shipping solutions.

    Contact: Joni Mackay
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0133

    Newbuilding

    Our Newbuilding team has concluded over 500 newbuildings of all types, including LNGCs, FSRUs, drillships, crude tankers, product tankers and dry cargo vessels. We have contracted in all major newbuilding centres globally, with particular focus on the Korean Shipyards.

    Contact: Nick Wood
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0111

    Offshore

    Affinity Offshore is based out of our Oslo and Houston offices. The Team focuses on world-wide sale & purchase of offshore support vessels, as well as chartering – particularly in the Americas and Mediterranean/MENA regions.

    Contact: Tor-Øyvind Bjørkli
    [email protected]

    Research

    Our research department combines real time market information with econometric modelling and the latest technology. 

    Contact: Sevita Kondyliou
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0182

    S & P

    Our Sale & Purchase team has extensive experience of working with private clients, national shipping companies, major corporates, oil companies, grain houses and institutional investors. We provide a cradle to grave services across all shipping sectors. We operate from London, Singapore and Seoul to give 24-hour coverage of the markets, working for both newbuilding and second-hand buyers.

    Contact: Tom Morrison
    [email protected]
    +44(0) 20 3142 0128

    Tankers

    Our established tanker chartering teams serve the industry from London, Houston and Santiago delivering a highly proficient spot chartering service with a prime position in the fuel oil market. The team has close relationships with oil majors, national oil companies, oil traders and major ship owners and operators. 
    Our ethos for operations and post-fixture is simple: these roles are as important to us as the chartering/commercial function, and we continue to apply those same principles of professional ship broking throughout the life of each fixture.

    Contact: Tim Gurdon
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0142

    Valuations

    We provide transparent, objective ship valuation service to major owners, banks and other financial institutions at short notice and a daily basis. We provide a retainer service for regular fleet valuations.

    Contact: Ben Pusey
    [email protected]
    +44(0)20 3142 0125

Click here for our terms of business

Our locations


  • Floor 44
    The Leadenhall Building
    122 Leadenhall Street
    London EC3A 8EE

    T +44 (0)203 142 0100

    View full office info

    LONDON

    Carbon Dry Cargo Finance LNG Newbuilding Research S & P Tankers Valuations


    Floor 44
    The Leadenhall Building
    122 Leadenhall Street
    London EC3A 8EE

    T +44 (0)203 142 0100

    View full office info


  • 72 Anson Road
    #13–03 Anson House
    Singapore
    079911

    T +65 6805 8760

    View full office info

    SINGAPORE

    Dry Cargo LNG S & P Tankers


    72 Anson Road
    #13–03 Anson House
    Singapore
    079911

    T +65 6805 8760

    View full office info


  • 8/38 Colin Street
    West Perth
    WA 6005
    Australia

    T +61 892 260 618

    View full office info

    PERTH

    Dry Cargo


    8/38 Colin Street
    West Perth
    WA 6005
    Australia

    T +61 892 260 618

    View full office info


  • Suite 5, Level 1
    200 Toorak Road
    South Yarra
    VIC 3141
    Australia

    T +61 398 671 466

    View full office info

    MELBOURNE

    Dry Cargo


    Suite 5, Level 1
    200 Toorak Road
    South Yarra
    VIC 3141
    Australia

    T +61 398 671 466

    View full office info


  • 1st Floor
    64 Alexander Street
    Crows Nest, NSW 2065
    Australia

    T +61 299 378 800

    View full office info

    SYDNEY

    Dry Cargo


    1st Floor
    64 Alexander Street
    Crows Nest, NSW 2065
    Australia

    T +61 299 378 800

    View full office info


  • Unit 1, 41 Lavarack Ave
    Eagle Farm
    Brisbane
    QLD 4009


    View full office info

    BRISBANE

    Dry Cargo


    Unit 1, 41 Lavarack Ave
    Eagle Farm
    Brisbane
    QLD 4009


    View full office info


  • #703, Shin-A Building
    50 Seosomun-ro 11gil
    Jung-gu, Seoul
    South Korea
    100-752

    View full office info

    SEOUL

    LNG Newbuilding S & P


    #703, Shin-A Building
    50 Seosomun-ro 11gil
    Jung-gu, Seoul
    South Korea
    100-752

    View full office info


  • 1301 McKinney Street
    Suite 2975
    Houston, Texas
    77010, USA

    T +1 832 925 7500

    View full office info

    HOUSTON

    Tankers


    1301 McKinney Street
    Suite 2975
    Houston, Texas
    77010, USA

    T +1 832 925 7500

    View full office info


  • Marco Polo Parkside Building 1204,
    Anli Road No. 80,
    Chaoyang District,
    Beijing, China, 100101

    View full office info

    BEIJING

    LNG Tankers


    Marco Polo Parkside Building 1204,
    Anli Road No. 80,
    Chaoyang District,
    Beijing, China, 100101

    View full office info


  • 6/F Kimberley Plaza
    45-47 Kimberley Road
    Tsim Sha Tsui. Kowloon
    Hong Kong

    T +852 2154 2237

    View full office info

    HONG KONG

    Tankers


    6/F Kimberley Plaza
    45-47 Kimberley Road
    Tsim Sha Tsui. Kowloon
    Hong Kong

    T +852 2154 2237

    View full office info


  • Room 04, 10/F, 500
    Yan'an West Road,
    Shanghai,
    People's Republic of China


    View full office info

    SHANGHAI

    Dry Cargo


    Room 04, 10/F, 500
    Yan'an West Road,
    Shanghai,
    People's Republic of China


    View full office info


  • Jirón Cruz del Sur 140, of. 1712,
    Santiago de Surco, Lima,
    Perú

    View full office info

    LIMA

    Containers Dry Cargo


    Jirón Cruz del Sur 140, of. 1712,
    Santiago de Surco, Lima,
    Perú

    View full office info


  • Augusto Leguia Norte 100
    Office 710
    Las Condes
    7550155 Santiago
    Chile

    T +56 22 352 7100

    View full office info

    SANTIAGO

    Dry Cargo


    Augusto Leguia Norte 100
    Office 710
    Las Condes
    7550155 Santiago
    Chile

    T +56 22 352 7100

    View full office info


  • Misiones St. 1372,
    1st Floor "De Los Patricios" Building,
    11000 Montevideo, Uruguay

    View full office info

    MONTEVIDEO

    Dry Cargo


    Misiones St. 1372,
    1st Floor "De Los Patricios" Building,
    11000 Montevideo, Uruguay

    View full office info


  • Viamonte 174, 4 to B,
    C1053ABD Buenos Aires,
    Argentina

    View full office info

    BUENOS AIRES

    Dry Cargo


    Viamonte 174, 4 to B,
    C1053ABD Buenos Aires,
    Argentina

    View full office info


  • Rua Barão de Cotegipe, 443, room 1310
    Porto de Gale Business Center
    Rio Grande
    Brazil


    View full office info

    RIO GRANDE

    Dry Cargo


    Rua Barão de Cotegipe, 443, room 1310
    Porto de Gale Business Center
    Rio Grande
    Brazil


    View full office info


  • Fascinatio Boulevard 742
    2909 VA Capelle aan den IJssel
    The Netherlands


    View full office info

    ROTTERDAM

    Dry Cargo


    Fascinatio Boulevard 742
    2909 VA Capelle aan den IJssel
    The Netherlands


    View full office info


  • Inkognitogaten 35,
    0256 Oslo
    Norway

    View full office info

    OSLO

    Offshore


    Inkognitogaten 35,
    0256 Oslo
    Norway

    View full office info


  • 104-111 21st St
    West Vancouver
    BC V7V 0C2
    Canada


    View full office info

    VANCOUVER

    Dry Cargo


    104-111 21st St
    West Vancouver
    BC V7V 0C2
    Canada


    View full office info


  • Kaigaten 12, 2nd floor
    Bergen 5016
    Norway

    View full office info

    BERGEN


    Kaigaten 12, 2nd floor
    Bergen 5016
    Norway

    View full office info